This is the primary a part of an investigation into sport streaming, a subject that we have been requested on earlier than — notably after we overview CPUs — however that has purposely been overlooked as a result of it’s fairly complicated to discover all of the nitty gritty particulars of streaming together with the whole lot else in these opinions.

In the subsequent weeks we’ll dedicate a few articles to sport streaming and give you a definitive reply on what kind of setup is the most effective, and what high quality settings take advantage of sense to make use of. Today’s investigation is concentrated on streaming high quality settings, we wish to discover out what encoding settings ship the most effective stability between high quality and efficiency, and the way every of the varied in style encoding modes differs when it comes to outcomes.

One of the important thing issues we wish to determine first: whether or not software program encoding on the CPU, or {hardware} accelerated encoding on the GPU is the higher method…

A little bit of backstory on our check platform earlier than we get into the outcomes… one of many key issues we wish to determine first, is whether or not software program encoding on the CPU, or {hardware} accelerated encoding on the GPU is the higher method. This is admittedly one of many key battles, as a result of if GPU encoding is the way in which to go, what CPU you want for streaming turns into largely irrelevant, whereas if CPU encoding is healthier, naturally your selection of processor turns into a significant factor within the stage of high quality, not simply when it comes to consistency of streaming, however sport efficiency in your finish.

Over the previous few months particularly, GPU encoding has turn into extra fascinating as a result of Nvidia up to date their {hardware} encoding engine of their new GPU structure, Turing.

Game Streaming Investigation: Which Quality Settings Are Best?

While a number of the main focus went into bettering HEVC compatibility and efficiency, which isn’t actually related for sport streaming in the meanwhile, Turing’s new engine can also be speculated to convey 15% higher H.264 high quality in comparison with the older engine in Pascal (GTX 10 collection). So that’s one thing we’ll look into, and see how Turing stacks up in opposition to x264 software program encoding.

On the GPU aspect, we’ll be utilizing the RTX 2080 for Turing encoding, a Titan X Pascal for Pascal encoding, and we’ll additionally see how AMD stacks up with Vega 64.

The second a part of the investigation includes software program encoding with x264, utilizing a wide range of presets. We’re going to go away a CPU comparability with software program encoding for a separate article, on this one we’re extra fascinated with how every preset impacts efficiency and high quality.

Game Streaming Investigation: Which Quality Settings Are Best?

All testing was executed with the Core i7-8700Ok overclocked to 4.9 GHz and 16 GB of DDR4-3000 reminiscence, which is our present really useful platform for high-end gaming. In the long run we’ll see how the 9900Ok fares together with AMD Ryzen CPUs.

For capturing this footage we’re utilizing the most recent model of OBS, set to document at 1080p 60 FPS with a continuing bitrate of 6000 kbps. These are the utmost really useful high quality settings for Twitch, in the event you had been simply recording gameplay for different functions we’d suggest utilizing the next bitrate, however for streaming to Twitch you’ll have to maintain it to six Mbps or decrease until you’re a Partner.

We’re testing with two video games right here, we now have Assassin’s Creed Odyssey which is a extremely GPU and CPU demanding title, one thing that CPU encoding struggles with; and Forza Horizon 4, which is much less CPU demanding however a quick paced title that low bitrate encoding can have points with. Both titles current a little bit of a worse case situation for sport streaming, however in numerous and distinctive methods.

We’ll begin with GPU encoding, as a result of that is one thing that has been recognized to be moderately horrible for a very long time now. The key little bit of curiosity right here is to see how Turing has managed to enhance issues in comparison with previous GPU encoding choices, which had been just about unusable subsequent to CPU encoding choices.

For Nvidia playing cards we used the NVENC possibility in OBS, and set it to make use of the High Quality preset at 6 Mbps. There are just a few different preset choices however High Quality produces, because the title suggests, the best high quality output. For AMD’s Vega 64 we tried a spread of encoding choices, each when it comes to preset and bitrate, with out a lot luck as you’ll see within the comparisons shortly.

Game Streaming Investigation: Which Quality Settings Are Best?

Putting Turing and Pascal’s NVENC implementations aspect by aspect, there actually isn’t that a lot of a distinction at 6 Mbps. Both undergo from critical macroblocking results, and usually there’s a full lack of element to the picture. In Forza Horizon Four particularly, blocking could be very noticeable on the street and appears horrible. Turing’s encoder is maybe just a little sharper and in some conditions is much less blocky, however actually each are rubbish and if you wish to stream video games, this isn’t the form of high quality that can impress your viewers.

Game Streaming Investigation: Which Quality Settings Are Best?

AMD’s encoder is even worse in that when your GPU utilization is up close to 100%, the encoder utterly craps its dacks and may’t render greater than about 1 body per second, which wasn’t a problem with the Nvidia playing cards.

I used to be capable of get the encoder working with a body limiter enabled, which introduced GPU utilization right down to round 60% in Forza Horizon 4, however even with the ‘Quality’ encoding preset, the standard Vega 64 produced was worse than with even Nvidia’s Pascal playing cards.

Game Streaming Investigation: Which Quality Settings Are Best?

With AMD’s encoder out of the query proper from the start, let’s take a look at how Nvidia’s NVENC compares to software program x264 encoded on the CPU. In the slower shifting Assassin’s Creed Odyssey benchmark, NVENC even utilizing the High Quality preset is noticeably worse than x264’s veryfast preset, notably for high-quality element, even when each are restricted to simply 6 Mbps.

Veryfast x264 isn’t wonderful by any stretch, however the stage of blocking and the dearth of element to Turing’s NVENC implementation is horrible as compared.

Game Streaming Investigation: Which Quality Settings Are Best?

In the quicker shifting Forza Horizon Four benchmark, Turing’s NVENC does outperform x264 veryfast in some areas, NVENC once more in all probability has barely worse blocking however veryfast actually struggles with shifting high-quality element. With this stage of movement, NVENC is roughly equal to x264’s “faster” preset. There is little doubt, nonetheless, that x264’s “fast” preset is considerably higher than NVENC in quick movement, and utterly smokes it when there’s sluggish or no movement.

Game Streaming Investigation: Which Quality Settings Are Best?

These outcomes are maybe just a little stunning contemplating Nvidia claims their new Turing NVENC engine for H.264 encoding is across the mark of x264 quick encoding and even barely higher at 6000 Kbps for 1080p 60 FPS streaming. But from what I noticed, particularly in Assassin’s Creed Odyssey, software program encoding was significantly better.

Game Streaming Investigation: Which Quality Settings Are Best?

When wanting purely at software program x264 encoding presets, there are noticeable variations between every of veryfast, quicker, quick and medium. In the slower shifting Assassin’s Creed Odyssey – and ignoring the clear efficiency points with some presets for now – veryfast and quicker don’t ship an incredible stage of high quality, with a number of smearing, blocking in some areas, and an absence of high-quality element notably for objects in movement.

These two presets actually ought to be reserved only for those who wish to stream casually, as a result of the presentation when capped to six Mbps isn’t nice.

Game Streaming Investigation: Which Quality Settings Are Best?

The quick preset is the minimal I’d think about using for a top quality sport stream, notably in the event you worth picture high quality in your viewers. It supplies a noticeable high quality soar over quicker, to the purpose the place blurred high-quality element now has definition.

Medium is a noticeable enchancment once more, however the hole between quick and medium is smaller than the hole between quicker and quick. And as we’ll see in a second, good luck utilizing the medium preset on the identical system the sport is working on. I did additionally try the sluggish preset however at this level we’re into diminishing returns for a large efficiency hit.

Game Streaming Investigation: Which Quality Settings Are Best?

For quicker movement in Forza Horizon 4, once more I’d utterly dismiss the veryfast preset instantly as a result of it’s worse than NVENC for such a content material. Unfortunately the tight bitrate restrict of 6000 kbps prevents any preset from doing true justice to the supply materials, however as soon as once more medium will get the closest and supplies an enchancment over quick.

The quicker preset appears to be like horrible so once more I’d recommend quick as absolutely the naked minimal for such a content material, actually I’d suggest medium at the next bitrate however hey, Twitch has set the restrict to six Mbps so it’s mainly the most effective we will do.


But picture high quality is just one a part of the equation, after all, the opposite is efficiency, and whenever you’re streaming your gameplay from the exact same laptop you might be enjoying on, it’s necessary that each your gameplay expertise and the efficiency of the stream are ample.

We’ll begin right here by GPU encoding and see how that impacts efficiency…

Game Streaming Investigation: Which Quality Settings Are Best?

Game Streaming Investigation: Which Quality Settings Are Best?

Enabling both Pascal or Turing’s NVENC engine impacts the body price of the sport by round 10 to 20% relying on the sport, in different phrases, you’ll see a 10 to 20% drop to border price when capturing footage utilizing NVENC, in comparison with not capturing the sport in any respect. The extra GPU restricted the sport is, the extra of an impression NVENC could have, which is why Forza Horizon Four is impacted extra closely than the heavy CPU person in Assassin’s Creed Odyssey.

The excellent news, although, is whilst you’ll be working the sport at a decrease framerate whereas NVENC is working, the stream itself could have excellent efficiency with no dropped frames, even when the sport is utilizing 100% of the GPU. AMD’s encoding engine doesn’t impression the sport’s framerate practically as a lot, nevertheless it drops about 90% of the frames when the GPU is being closely used, making it ineffective as we already mentioned earlier.

Game Streaming Investigation: Which Quality Settings Are Best?

Game Streaming Investigation: Which Quality Settings Are Best?

Software encoding efficiency depends upon the kind of sport you’re enjoying. In the case of Assassin’s Creed Odyssey which closely makes use of each the CPU and GPU, streaming utilizing the CPU could have a noticeable have an effect on on body price, and top quality encoding presets will battle to maintain up.

With the Core i7-8700Ok and the RTX 2080 enjoying Odyssey utilizing our customized high quality preset, we had been solely capable of encode the sport utilizing the x264 veryfast preset with out affected by body drops within the stream output. X264 veryfast encoding additionally diminished the body price by 17%, which was a bigger discount than merely utilizing NVENC. Veryfast encoding is healthier visually than NVENC for such a sport, so the efficiency hit is price it.

However shifting to even the ‘faster’ preset introduces body drops into the stream output. With a body drop price of 8.5%, the output is stuttery and laborious to observe. Meanwhile, sport efficiency has dropped from 90 FPS on common, to simply 63 FPS with a 1% low solely simply above 30 FPS. It’s clear this preset is choking the system. And it will get worse with quick and medium, which see body drop charges of 62 and 82 p.c respectively. Interestingly, sport efficiency is barely higher with these presets than with quicker, however I believe that’s because of the encoder being overwhelmed which permits the sport to get a small quantity extra CPU headroom for rendering the sport.

One technique to enhance efficiency is likely to be to cap the sport to 60 FPS, as these watching your stream will likely be restricted to 60 FPS anyway. But with this cover in place, the story isn’t significantly better: the quick preset nonetheless sees 9% of all frames dropped, whereas the quicker preset simply scrapes in with no body drops, however with a 1% low within the sport of round 40 FPS. The solely possibility to make use of quick could be to cut back the visible high quality and check out once more, however for this text we weren’t actually fascinated with optimizing Assassin’s Creed particularly for streaming with our {hardware}.

With the 8700Ok restricted to veryfast streaming or GPU streaming on this title, will probably be fascinating to see how different CPUs stack up partially 2 of this investigation. But actually with the 8700Ok – a high-end, in style gaming CPU – what we’ve proven here’s a typical situation for streaming in a title that closely makes use of the CPU and GPU. Those with lower-tier CPUs and particularly, decrease core depend Intel CPUs, will run into this veryfast restrict extra typically.

Game Streaming Investigation: Which Quality Settings Are Best?

Game Streaming Investigation: Which Quality Settings Are Best?

As for Forza Horizon 4, which is much much less demanding on the CPU, it’s an fascinating scenario as a result of software program encoding on the CPU really delivers larger sport efficiency than {hardware} accelerated GPU encoding. This is as a result of there’s loads of CPU headroom to encode on the CPU with out consuming in to GPU efficiency.

Using the x264 veryfast preset impacted sport efficiency by 6% 1% lows, however the distinction between veryfast and quick was solely an extra 5% drop regardless of the large improve in CPU energy required to encode utilizing the quick preset.

On the stream aspect, we noticed no body drops with the veryfast and quicker presets, nonetheless shifting to quick noticed a 12% body drop price for the encoded stream. This triggered disagreeable stuttering within the stream. However contemplating we’re working the sport at practically 120 FPS, we will fairly simply implement a 60 FPS cap to cut back the sport’s stress on the CPU. With that cap in place, the quick preset turns into usable with zero body drops within the output. The cap additionally opens up the choice of medium preset encoding, though with the 8700Ok we nonetheless noticed round a 2% of all frames dropped with the 60 FPS cap in place, which isn’t ideally suited. If we wished to go along with medium encoding we’d have to have a look at lowering the sport’s CPU load via high quality setting tweaks.

Wrap Up (Until Part 2 of this Series)

So with all that testing executed, there’s just a few fascinating takeaways right here. The key discovering for GPU consumers in the meanwhile is that Turing’s GPU encoding engine for H.264 isn’t considerably improved in comparison with Pascal and definitely doesn’t flip GPU encoding right into a viable possibility for streaming.

The solely time I’d recommend utilizing NVENC is with quick paced, excessive movement video games with a system that can’t CPU encode utilizing the x264 quicker preset or higher. Games with much less movement ought to be encoded utilizing the veryfast x264 preset moderately than NVENC, and veryfast ought to be achievable on most PCs which have been constructed with streaming in thoughts.

On the AMD entrance, their encoding engine wants loads of work to be even thought of. It doesn’t work with excessive GPU hundreds and when it does work, the output high quality is horrible.

Game Streaming Investigation: Which Quality Settings Are Best?

CPU encoding is clearly a extra tough story as what stage of x264 encoding you may handle will rely in your CPU and, crucially, the kind of sport you might be enjoying. With our 8700Ok system we ranged from being caught with veryfast encoding in a CPU demanding sport, to with the ability to use the quick and even medium preset with a gradual 60 FPS sport output at respectable high quality settings in a much less CPU demanding title.

But what streamers ought to be aiming for is to make use of the quick preset at a minimal, that’s the primary preset the place the output high quality is respectable sufficient at 6 Mbps for Twitch streaming, and whereas it’s not incredible for quick movement scenes, quick is significantly better than both the quicker or veryfast presets but it’s nonetheless achievable on respectable {hardware}. Medium can also be price making an attempt for these with top-end programs, whereas I actually wouldn’t trouble with any of the even slower presets.

While it’s good to have the ability to sport and stream on the one PC, this recommendation actually solely applies to informal or part-time streamers. Anyone who’s streaming professionally or full time ought to use a second, devoted stream seize PC with a good seize card and CPU. This then absolutely offloads the encoding work, permitting you to comfortably use the medium preset or slower for the very best quality streams, with out impacting your sport efficiency.

We’ve now found what the optimum presets are from a top quality perspective. The second a part of this collection on sport streaming we’ll examine which CPUs are able to encoding at these presets, so keep tuned for that.

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