(Reuters) — Facebook’s new content material oversight board will embrace a former prime minister, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate and a number of other constitutional legislation consultants and rights advocates amongst its first 20 members, the corporate introduced on Wednesday.

The unbiased board, which some have dubbed Facebook’s “Supreme Court,” will have the ability to overturn choices by the corporate and Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg on whether or not particular person items of content material ought to be allowed on Facebook and Instagram.

Facebook has lengthy confronted criticism for high-profile content material moderation points. They vary from quickly eradicating a well-known Vietnam-era warfare photograph of a unadorned woman fleeing a napalm assault, to failing to fight hate speech in Myanmar towards the Rohingya and different Muslims.

The oversight board will concentrate on a small slice of difficult content material points together with hate speech and harassment and other people’s security.

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Facebook stated the board’s members have lived in 27 nations and communicate not less than 29 languages, although 1 / 4 of the group and two of the 4 co-chairs are from the United States, the place the corporate is headquartered.

The co-chairs, who chosen the opposite members collectively with Facebook, are former U.S. federal circuit decide and spiritual freedom knowledgeable Michael McConnell, constitutional legislation knowledgeable Jamal Greene, Colombian lawyer Catalina Botero-Marino and former Danish Prime Minister Helle Thorning-Schmidt.

Among the preliminary cohort are: former European Court of Human Rights decide András Sajó, Internet Sans Frontières Executive Director Julie Owono, Yemeni activist and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Tawakkol Karman, former editor-in-chief of the Guardian Alan Rusbridger, and Pakistani digital rights advocate Nighat Dad.

Nick Clegg, Facebook’s head of world affairs, instructed Reuters in a Skype interview the board’s composition was essential however that its credibility could be earned over time.

“I don’t expect people to say, ‘Oh hallelujah, these are great people, this is going to be a great success’ – there’s no reason anyone should believe that this is going to be a great success until it really starts hearing difficult cases in the months and indeed years to come,” he stated.

The board will begin work instantly and Clegg stated it could start listening to circumstances this summer season.

The board, which can develop to about 40 members and which Facebook has pledged $130 million to fund for not less than six years, will make public, binding choices on controversial circumstances the place customers have exhausted Facebook’s traditional appeals course of.

The firm may also refer vital choices to the board, together with on advertisements or on Facebook teams. The board could make coverage suggestions to Facebook primarily based on case choices, to which the corporate will publicly reply.

Initially, the board will concentrate on circumstances the place content material was eliminated and Facebook expects it to tackle solely “dozens” of circumstances to start out, a small proportion of the 1000’s it expects can be dropped at the board.

“We are not the internet police, don’t think of us as sort of a fast-action group that’s going to swoop in and deal with rapidly moving problems,” co-chair McConnell stated on a convention name.

The board’s case choices should be made and applied inside 90 days, although Facebook can ask for a 30-day overview for distinctive circumstances.

“We’re not working for Facebook, we’re trying to pressure Facebook to improve its policies and its processes to better respect human rights. That’s the job,” board member and web governance researcher Nicolas Suzor instructed Reuters. “I’m not so naive that I think that that’s going to be a very easy job.”

He stated board members had differing views on freedom of expression and when it will probably legitimately be curtailed.

John Samples, vice chairman of the libertarian Cato Institute, has praised Facebook’s determination to not take away a doctored video of U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi. Sajó has cautioned towards permitting the “offended” to have an excessive amount of affect within the debate round on-line expression.

Some free speech and web governance consultants instructed Reuters they thought the board’s first members had been a various, spectacular group, although some had been involved it was too heavy on U.S. members. Facebook stated one motive for that was that a few of its hardest choices or appeals in recent times had begun in America.

“I don’t feel like they made any daring choices,” stated Jillian C. York, the Electronic Frontier Foundation’s director of worldwide freedom of expression.

Jes Kaliebe Petersen, CEO of Myanmar tech-focused civil society group Phandeeyar, stated he hoped the board would apply extra “depth” to moderation points, in contrast with Facebook’s common set of neighborhood requirements.

David Kaye, U.N. particular rapporteur on freedom of opinion and expression, stated the board’s efficacy could be proven when it began listening to circumstances.

“The big question,” he stated, “will be, are they taking questions that might result in decisions, or judgments as this is a court, that go against Facebook’s business interests?”

(Reporting by Elizabeth Culliford in Birmingham, England; Editing by Tom Brown and Matthew Lewis)