Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden selected Sen. Kamala Harris (D-CA) to be his vice presidential operating mate right now. Born in Oakland, California and raised in Berkeley, Harris is the primary African American girl and first Asian American girl to be chosen as a U.S. vice presidential candidate on a serious social gathering ticket. Though a vice presidential choose can typically be thought of ceremonial, if elected, Biden will turn out to be the oldest president in U.S. historical past at 78 years previous.
How Harris stands on a variety of points goes to be meticulously analyzed within the days main as much as the Democratic National Convention and the weeks main as much as Election Day. A former prosecutor, Harris is named a member of the Senate Judiciary committee, however she’s additionally led cybersecurity proposals in Congress, and raised tech coverage points the place she grew to prominence within the San Francisco Bay Area. Here we glance again at how Kamala Harris the U.S. Senator and presidential candidate reacted to points on the intersection of AI and coverage.
In fall 2018, Harris joined different members of the U.S. Senate in sending a sequence of letters to federal companies geared toward addressing algorithmic bias primarily based on race, gender, or different traits.
One letter requested the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) the way it investigates claims of algorithmic bias in hiring practices and whether or not the company considers use of facial recognition a violation of current civil rights and office anti-discrimination regulation.
The FTC letter imagines a situation wherein a Black girl is falsely arrested because of the usage of facial recognition software program. Some of the primary identified circumstances of false arrests of Black males because of misidentification with facial recognition occurred in June.
The FBI letter demanded to know whether or not the FBI had responded to a 2016 request by the Government Accountability Office (GAO) report recommending the FBI check its facial recognition and take different steps to make sure its accuracy. The facial recognition system is utilized by the FBI in addition to state and native officers. Months later, the FBI’s failure to behave on the GAO’s advice grew to become a primary topic of dialogue in a House Oversight and Reform committee listening to.
Each of the letters cite an ACLU examine that misidentified a number of members of Congress as criminals and the work of Joy Buolamwini and the Gender Shades challenge that facial recognition techniques from firms like IBM and Microsoft carried out higher for white males than they do for girls with darkish pores and skin.
As a presidential candidate, Harris introduced a criminal justice plan that stated she would work with each civil rights teams and regulation enforcement to make sure facial recognition and different expertise don’t advance racial bias, and make investments federal funding to persuade state and native officers to do the identical. Other candidates like Bernie Sanders supported an outright ban of facial recognition use by federal regulation enforcement just like the FBI.
Her stance on points like predictive policing and facial recognition could also be particularly essential given fervent requires police reform and the top of institutional racism rose to worldwide prominence in June. They might also be essential given Harris’ previous report as California Attorney General, San Francisco District Attorney, and a public prosecutor in Alameda County.
Federal AI coverage
Harris was one in all 4 U.S. Senators behind the AI in Government Act, a invoice first launched in 2018 after which reintroduced final yr that may have helped develop a extra cohesive federal AI coverage by means of the General Services Administration (GSA).
The AI in Government Act of 2019 would direct the heads of every federal company to suggest methods to take away limitations to AI adoption in addition to “best practices for identifying, assessing, and mitigating any discriminatory impact or bias on the basis of any classification protected under Federal nondiscrimination laws, or any unintended consequence of the use of artificial intelligence by the Federal Government.”
It would additionally create a Center of Excellence throughout the General Services Administration to help federal companies in buying AI providers and provide technical experience. The Center of Excellence would additionally advise the White House Office of Science of Technology and seek the advice of with the Pentagon in addition to the National Science Foundation and assist develop coverage associated to the usage of AI by federal companies.
A unified AI coverage that considers the nation’s analysis and growth wants and broader technique is taken into account essential for financial exercise however is more and more being tied to analysis and growth methods of nationwide governments and militaries. In the U.S. and China, governments have set targets to take care of a form of AI supremacy over different nations.
In the top, the AI in Government Act, like a variety of payments launched lately to control AI and the formation of a strong U.S. technique, has but to come back up for a vote, but it surely was distinctive in that the invoice attracted bipartisan assist. Harris wasn’t the earliest lawmaker to introduce AI regulation neither is she probably the most related to facial recognition regulation right now, however the sequence of letters and laws provide you with an concept of the place Harris stands on AI. So does her repeated expressed concern with the potential for AI to perpetuate bias.
“When we look also at these emerging fields and look at issues like AI — artificial intelligence and machine learning — there is a real need to be very concerned about how being built into it is racial bias,” Harris stated in a video posted by her Senate office in April 2019. “It’s a real issue and it’s happening in real time, and the thing about racial bias in technology is that unlike the racial bias that you can pretty easily, all of us can detect when you get stopped in a department store or while you’re driving, the bias that is built into technology will not be very easy to detect, and so machine learning is literally that the machine is learning, and it’s learning what it’s being fed, which is going to be a function of who’s feeding it and what it’s being fed.”
The Biden-Harris 2020 marketing campaign and potential presidency might take stances totally different than Kamala Harris the Senator or presidential candidate. Nonetheless, Harris has launched early laws geared toward making a cohesive AI technique for the federal authorities and has a seemingly open disdain for tech with the potential, and confirmed probability, to perpetuate bias.
Kamala Harris could be known as the primary particular person on a serious social gathering ticket in a whole lot of classes, however nonetheless you think about it, Harris seems to be one of the vital knowledgeable candidates on a serious social gathering’s presidential ticket to take nationwide AI coverage and algorithmic bias critically.